Publications

Telling Tales: Twist as storyteller (In Press: Spin Off Summer 2021)

Quipu in the Museo Machu Picchu, Casa Concha, Cusco. Photo by Wikipedia Pi3.124

Links to further resources for the article:
Khipus:
For more information about Manuel Medrano, the student working on the khipus code:
There is also Gary Urton’s khipu online resource
And Sabine Hyland’s web site where she shares resources about studying the Inka narrative khipu texts.
Jane Wheeler has done amazing research into ancient llamas and alpacas.
For more on Icelandic and Viking textiles, Michele Hayeur Smith has done extensive textile studies on Northern textiles (Iceland, Greenland, Faroe Islands). Her new book The Valkyries’ Loom: The archaeology of cloth production and female power in the North Atlantic was released in November 2020.

The Coast Salish Woolly Dog (Ply Magazine Spring 2020)

Spinning dog hair may seem a bizarre notion, something only a besotted dog owner or an obsessive experimental spinner would consider. But according to oral history of the Coast Salish people of the Pacific Northwest, they not only spun dog “wool,” they raised a breed of dog to ensure a supply of dog wool for their blankets.From First Nations accounts, we learn of these woolly dogs living in Coast Salish territory, mostly around Vancouver, BC; Olympia and the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State; and on the southern coast of Vancouver Island.
Until a dozen or so years ago, the Coast Salish woolly dogs were something of a mystery. What did they look like? Did a separate breed really exist? If so, was the breed specifically kept for their fibre to spin into yarn? And whatever happened to them?

The River Runs Red – The sockeye salmon of the Adams River (Bill Pennell, Mark Kaarremaa, Tim Goater, Liz Hammond-Kaarremaa 2020)

Cover of the book The River Runs Red

The River Runs Red weaves the biology of Adams River sockeye salmon with over 100 magnificent photographs. It is a story showcasing one of nature’s great wonders, the epic migrations of sockeye on a four-year cycle from the egg to the ultimate deaths of the returning adults on the spawning grounds of the Adams River in British Columbia. Significant historical, cultural and ecological perspectives surrounding this iconic fish species are presented. This story is captured by four friends: two biologists, one photographer and one creative organizer all of whom for over twenty years, returned to the river every four years for the ‘big’ run.

Coast Salish Robes of Wealth in Selvedge: The Fabric of your Life (October 2019)

Selvedge Cover Fall 2019

I am in Seattle, the far northwest of USA.  We watch as a group of local Suquamish Coast Salish weavers and singers are surrounding a plain-woven blanket displayed on a table in front of an audience, singing to it as if it was alive, blessing and welcoming it out of the back-storage room of the Burke Museum.  There was electricity in the air: we all felt the singular veneration for this blanket.

Book Review: Honouring Salish blankets (The Ormsby Review #442 December 2018) Coast Salish Robes of Wealth

Imagine a blanket spread out on a table. It is a Salish blanket, over a hundred years old, humble, plain, tan-coloured, with a dark brown stripe at each end. Worn and frayed, it does not look exceptional, yet a group of six women and men surround it in reverence. They are Suquamish (Puget Sound Salish) First Nation singers and weavers. They are singing an honour song to welcome the blanket back – back from the obscurity of a storeroom of the Burke Museum in Seattle. The sight and sound sends chills up the spines of the people watching, a large gathering of some 100 people. One weaver gently places her hands lovingly on the blanket. They are shaking with emotion. Another woman gives a prayer of thanks to the blanket…      

Ply Magazine Cover Winter 2020
Ply Magazine Cover Winter 2020

Cowichan sweaters are famous throughout the world for being thick, light, warm and cosy.  The yarns demonstrate ancient expertise with spinning warm yarns. The Cowichan (now known as Quw’utsun) First Nations of Vancouver Island on the west coast of Canada, are part of the Coast Salish language family of nations surrounding the Salish Sea and Puget Sound.  They, along with their neighbours have been spinning warm yarns for thousands of years, yet sheep only arrived in the area in the mid-1850’s.  So how did they learn to spin such warm fibres in a land where animal fibres are rare? And what can they teach us about spinning warm yarns?

Early explore and settler accounts mention a white clay-like powder used in preparing Mountain Goat and Salish Woolly dog fibres for spinning. This paper looks at these accounts to try to clarify what the clay-like powder is, why it was used and where it comes from.

Coast Salish Spinning: Looking for twist finding change in in Textile Society of America Proceedings 2014

Coast Salish textiles from the Pacific Northwest (northwest Washington state and southwest British Columbia) are relatively rare and unknown yet are masterpieces of sophisticated weaving and spinning techniques. Coast Salish blankets and robes, and the tools used to make them, have been the subjects of a few seminal works, but other than the occasional recording of the direction of twist, the spinning characteristics of the yarn itself have not been the focus of research. This gap is curious, given the uniqueness of Coast Salish spinning tools, the corresponding techniques, and the fibres used. Notable examples are the Salish large spindle, which employs a tossing motion and was used with mountain goat and dog wool, and the Indian Head spinner, used to produce Cowichan sweater yarn  from local sheep’s wool. …

Threads, twist and fibre: Looking at Coast Salish Textiles in Textile Society of America Proceedings 2018

Coast Salish textiles are: remarkable for their quality; unusual in the fibres used; notable in their designs; singular in the innovative processes used to manufacture them. Salish textiles were determined by geography, shaped by trade, and influenced by colonization. That the textile tradition has survived is a reflection of the prestige they hold and the importance of the textiles in the Coast Salish culture. Relatively unknown and underappreciated, the older textiles deserve to be looked at with fresh eyes and modern methods that bring to light the outstanding abilities of the Coast Salish women in the creation of these important textiles. …

To Catch a Hummingbird in Beautiful British Columbia Spring 1997

A hummingbird in the hand
A hummingbird in the hand

My first thought upon reading the workshop description on banding rufous hummingbirds is “How the heck does one capture a Hummingbird?” My second question, following quickly on the heels of the first, is “How big are the bands?” And then, with incredulity, “How big is the lettering on the bands?”                

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